|Other names:||Scottish Sheepdog
|FCI Dog Group||Group 1 Sheepdogs and Cattle Dogs (except Swiss Cattle Dogs). Section 1 Sheepdogs. With working trial.
Well proportioned, smooth outline showing quality, gracefulness and perfect balance, combined with sufficient substance to give impression of endurance. Any tendency to coarseness or weediness undesirable. Border Collies require considerably more daily physical exercise and mental stimulation than many other breeds. The border collie is widely considered to be the most intelligent dog breed. The border collie ranks 1st in Stanley Corens The Intelligence of Dogs, being part of the top 10 brightest dogs.
Your Pet’s Age
Male 48–56 cm Female 46–53 cm
Male 14–20 kg Female 12–19 kg
From 260 to 310 g. daily
Variety of colours permissible. White should never predominate.
Tenacious, hard-working, of great tractability. Keen, alert, responsive and intelligent. Neither nervous nor aggressive.
The origin of the Border Collie dates back to the native collies of the British Isles, specifically to the border between Scotland and England, a fact to which its name points (Collie de la border in Spanish), it is specifically associated with the Scottish lowland sheepdogs and Cumbria and Northumberland.
The birth of this breed is identified with that of Old Hemp in 1893, a cross between a shepherd dog and a whippet, whose characteristic tricolor coat and herding abilities made it a benchmark . Not long after, in 1915, the International Sheepdog Association of the United Kingdom would recognize the Border Collie , thus distinguishing it from the other varieties of collie.
The word collie, with which this breed is called among others, has a much earlier origin, finding its origin in the Scottish language in which it would be a cognate of coal. It is also speculated with a possible Celtic origin of it, where it would mean "useful", although this origin is considered less probable.
Its affable character and herding ability are the main qualities of a Border Collie , it is a dog that loves to work, so it is important to give it an active life so that it is happy and not fall into a sedentary lifestyle.
Hip dysplasia, progressive renal atrophy, deafness, epilepsy, collie eye anomaly, neuronal ceroid lipofuscinosis, and trapped neutrophil syndrome.